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[Exodus 20:1-17 – The Ten Commandments]

And God spoke all these words, saying, “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me…”


Law and Gospel

When the judge slams the gavel and says, “Guilty!”, to the defendant, next comes the sentencing and then the jail cell. The judge’s words are final. Guilty means guilty. Bad deeds have their consequences.

But when a father says “guilty” to his son, maybe for the same bad deeds, what happens after those words is much different. The son stays home. Is fed. Is loved. Is indeed corrected and disciplined. But is forgiven. The father’s word, “guilty”, is not his final word. It is followed by the father’s love.

And, if your father and the judge happen to be the same person, who knows? This might be to your advantage.

We speak in different ways depending on our role and relationship to another. A judge speaks like a judge. But a parent has a different set of words to use.

God is both Judge and Father. God speaks both Law and Gospel in His Word, in the Bible. God’s will is that His Gospel, not His Law, would be His final word.  

Lutheran Christians highly regard what we call “the distinction of Law and Gospel” as the true and helpful way to read and understand God’s Word, the Bible.

            In the Bible, God is sometimes speaking to you His Law and sometimes He is speaking His forgiving Gospel to you. We understand the Bible correctly by recognizing this distinction and the distinct purposes of His words of Law and words of Gospel.

God’s Law is found throughout the whole Bible – Old and New Testament. Today we read the Ten Commandments [Exodus 20:1-17] in our Old Testament reading. Not all the laws in the Old Testament are the same sort of thing, and not all still apply.

God’s Law in the Old Testament, which we often call the Law of Moses, can really be seen in three categories: Civil, Ceremonial, and Moral.

The Civil Law was unique to ancient Israel in its time and place. It contained regulations and laws for their nation. It was more merciful, in many ways, than the laws of the nations around them. It provided protections for slaves and women, the poor, and foreigners. Yet, where it was strict and harsh, it was indeed strict and harsh. God is Judge.

            The Ceremonial Law was unique to the worship life of Israel. These were the laws pertaining to sacrifices, offerings, feast days, fasts, the Passover, the Days of Atonement, etc. These ceremonial laws pointed to Christ who was to come — and preserved Israel, Christ’s family tree, as a unique people until Christ came.

            The third kind of law, the Moral Law, applied not only to ancient Israel but applies to all people of all times, even today. The Moral Law is written on the human heart, though we often twist and dull it. It is written throughout Holy Scripture – in fact, most fully in the New Testament. The Moral Law is simply God’s eternal will.

The Moral Law is summarized in the Two Great Commandments – to love God with all your heart, mind, soul, and strength; and to love your neighbor as yourself. The specifics of how to do this are expressed in the Ten Commandments, the Sermon on the Mount, and elsewhere throughout Scripture.

The Civil and Ceremonial Law no longer apply; the Moral Law applies forever. (The civil laws ended because Jesus brought in the true Kingdom, the heavenly Israel. The ceremonial laws ended because they foreshadowed the coming Messiah, Jesus, who is now here.)

            But the Moral Law is God’s will forever. It shows us what kind of people we ought to be. And it serves three purposes for us today. God’s Moral Law is our Curb, Mirror, and Guide.

God’s Moral Law curbs our outward behavior. The preaching of the Law keeps us in the lane, like the curb on a road, so we don’t go as far off course as we would.

God’s Moral Law serves as a mirror which shows us our sins. A mirror is honest. It shows all the ugly spots. God’s commandments show us all our sins and ugly spots where we have fallen short. God gives us an honest look at ourselves.

            “Through the Law comes knowledge of sin” – “That every mouth may be stopped” [Romans 3:19-20]. “No one is righteous; no, not one” [Romans 3:10]. The Law shows us our sin to show us our need for a Savior. It shows us our guilty verdict.

            And God’s Moral Law serves that third purpose – our Guide – which we’ll get to after the Gospel. God speaks Law. But, more than that, God speaks the Gospel.

The Gospel is the good news that God has forgiven your sins and saved you from death and hell because of Jesus Christ.

The Gospel is not a new set of commandments. The Gospel is the work of Jesus for you. Jesus fulfilled the Moral Law on mankind’s behalf by His life of perfect obedience.

Jesus fulfilled the Moral Law also by suffering all that the Law required as just payment and punishment for our sins. Jesus suffered this, in full, on man’s behalf.

On the cross, Jesus offered up His one-and-only perfect life as a God-pleasing sacrifice on your behalf. On the cross, Jesus’ death was the once-for-all satisfactory payment for all your sins against God’s Law.

Because of what Jesus did, you are forgiven and set free from doing it yourself. And this forgiveness of sins produces in us a new heart. A new heart of flesh instead of our old heart of stone.

            Because sin is forgiven, God’s commandments are no longer judge and accuser. They no longer condemn you. Instead, they are now instruction and guidance from a Father who loves you.

            This is that third purpose of God’s Law. Because sin is remembered no more, the Moral Law is now a Guide which you can love and cling to through the waves of life. It doesn’t condemn God’s sons and daughters. It leads them through the wilderness.

            In fact, the Ten Commandments were first written – foremost – as this kind of guide. It was written for God’s redeemed children – whom He had just saved out of slavery in Egypt – who were now traveling through a wilderness to the promised land.

The Ten Commandments begin with God saying these words: “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.”

In short, “I, the Lord, am your Redeemer, your Savior.” Therefore, “You will have no other lords, no other gods; you will not worship creatures and images; you’ll use my name rightly, not in vain; you’ll receive rest each week and keep my day of worship. You’ll love each other, honor father and mother, be faithful to husband and wife; you’ll do no harm to each other; you’ll not steal; you’ll not gossip about each other; you’ll trust Me and be content with what I give you.” Because He has redeemed us, we have His commandments as the guide for our new life together.

God loves you. He has redeemed you. He gives you new life. God speaks to you in His Word, the Bible. Thanks be to God that He speaks to us as Judge and as loving Father – Law and Gospel.

And thanks be to God that He guides us by His commandments as we walk as strangers and pilgrims in this world, until we reach the world to come. Amen.

Updated: 17 hours ago

[Mark 9:2-9] … And a cloud overshadowed them, and a voice came out

of the cloud, “This is my beloved Son; listen to him.”

A Voice to Hear, A People to Be

A voice to hear and a people to be.

Peter, James, and John, were led up a high mountain by Jesus. Who

is He? Upon that mountain, Jesus is transfigured – His appearance morphs

– who He is shines through: “His clothes became radiant, intensely

white, as no one on earth could bleach them” – “and his face shone

like the sun” [Mark 9:3; Matthew 17:2].

There appeared also Elijah and Moses, speaking with Jesus.

Then “a cloud overshadowed them, and a voice came out of the

cloud, ‘This is my beloved Son; listen to Him.” And then, lifting up their

eyes, Peter, James, and John looked around, and “they no longer saw

anyone with them but Jesus only.”

“This is my Son; listen to Him”, said God the Father about Jesus.

Listen to Him.

Whether a young man – a few months old, a newborn – or a child or

an older youth – or an older man or woman, yet still tossed to and fro by the

wind and waves – you daily enter a world with a hundred voices and a

hundred messages about who you should be.

Am I my education? Am I my ancestry? Am I my achievements? Am I

my politics or my cause? Am I my emotions? Am I in a group? Do I pick? Or

am I picked? What is good? How do I know?

With whom I will identify, and which voice I must follow, are

burdensome questions when there’s a hundred voices and a hundred

groups – or even when there’s just a couple bad options.

The young ones newly entering the world – and you older ones re-

entering the world every day – are pulled by many voices, either wanting

you to buy something or buy into some idea.

What is Jesus doing in the Transfiguration? He is showing His

disciples – and you – that in Himself, in this one Man, God has entered our

world as the one, final, and accessible option. His is the voice to hear. He

makes you a people to be.

In being a disciple of Jesus, you know what Word to listen to, to trust

in, to be guided by.

In being a disciple of Jesus, you know what new people you are, who

you identify as.

You have a Teacher and are a people.

Today, just minutes ago, you witnessed – with your own eyes – the

means by which we become disciples, students, of Jesus: Baptism in the

name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.

What is baptism? Baptism is not a church tradition, a family custom, or

just a special day. Baptism comes from the Lord’s own command.

After His death and resurrection – by which He won our redemption –

Jesus, before ascending into heaven, commanded His disciples: “Go

therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the

name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” [Matthew


A “disciple” is someone who learns, a student. Baptism is the means

by which Jesus took you away from being a student of this world’s many

voices and made you a student of His voice. By baptism, you became a

disciple of Jesus. Listen to Him.

The voice of Jesus is found in His Word, which is the Bible. Scripture,

the Bible, says of itself, “All Scripture is breathed out by God and

profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in

righteousness” – for knowing the truth and being trained in the good.

Breathed out by God. [2 Timothy 3:16]

The disciple Peter, who was on the mountain and witnessed the

Transfiguration of Jesus, wrote about the Transfiguration (after Christ’s

resurrection) in 2 Peter 1:16-21. In the same passage in which he writes of

the Transfiguration, he also writes about Scripture, saying – about the

writing of the books of the Bible – that “men spoke from God as they

were carried along by the Holy Spirit.”

Peter also says, in the same passage, that the Word of God is “more

fully confirmed” in Scripture than in the Transfiguration itself [2 Peter 1:19-

21]. And Jesus said, “Scripture cannot be broken”, and, “Heaven and

earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away” [John 10:35;

Mark 13:31].

After His resurrection, Jesus taught about Himself from all of

Scripture: “And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, He

interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning

Himself” [Luke 24:27]. And Jesus said, “My sheep hear my voice, and I

know them, and they follow me” – “they know his voice. A stranger

they will not follow.” [John 10:4-5,27]

As His baptized, believing people, you have no veil over your hearts

when you hear the Scriptures. You listen to Him. This young baby baptized

today has now been given a life with the voice of his Shepherd leading him

through the Scriptures.

The other side of the coin in Baptism is teaching. Jesus’ whole

command is this: “Make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the

name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching

them to observe all that I have commanded you.” [Matthew 28:19-20]

When God’s baptized people are not a people of the Scriptures, their

baptism becomes no more helpful than one of those empty ceremonies. We

are baptized. We have a voice to be hearing.

Baptism is water and the Word of God together – Jesus presents the

church to Himself, “having cleansed her by the washing of water with

the word” [Ephesians 5:26-27].

Baptism saves. Jesus said, “Whoever believes and is baptized will

be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned” [Mark

16:16]. And Peter said, in Scripture, “Baptism now saves you” [1 Peter


Baptism is “the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy

Spirit” [Titus 3:5].

Baptism dresses you in Jesus to cover all your sin: “For as many of

you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ” [Galatians 3:27].

Baptism unites you to the death and resurrection of Jesus: “Having

been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with

him through faith” [Colossians 2:12; Romans 6:3-5].

It is Baptism that makes you the people you are – a new nation, a new

people in Christ. “For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have

put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave

nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ

Jesus.” [Galatians 3:26-29]

“You are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a

people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the

excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous

light. Once you were not a people, but now you are God's people;

once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.”

[1 Peter 2:9-10]

Lastly, who is this for? Baptism is for both the youngest and the oldest

and those in between – because Jesus is the redeemer of all people. The

New Testament compares Baptism to circumcision [Colossians 2:11-12] –

which was for infants, newborns, and for older converts to become God’s

people. (Jesus compares Baptism to birth, which is definitely for newborns!

John 3:5)

We make disciples of the whole nation [Matthew 28:19], from

youngest to oldest.

On the day of Pentecost, after the disciple Peter received the Holy

Spirit, he told the crowds, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in

the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will

receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is for you and for

your children.” [Acts 2:38-39]

And, lastly, Jesus said: “Let the children come to me and do not

hinder them” [Luke 18:15-16]. Bringing our infants and young children to

Baptism is rooted in the clearly written Biblical truth that infants and even

children in the womb are capable of faith in Jesus – in the same way we

are, by the Holy Spirit.

When Jesus cleansed the Temple, children cried out, “Hosanna to

the Son of David!” When some objected to this, Jesus responded, “Have

you never read, ‘Out of the mouth of infants and nursing babies You

[God] have prepared praise’?” [Matthew 21:15-16]

And, famously – recorded in Scripture, Luke’s Gospel – John the

Baptist, while in his mother’s womb, leaped for joy at the presence of Jesus

in His mother’s womb when Mary approached Elizabeth [Luke 1:39-44].

Let us leap with great joy within our hearts that this child here today is

not lost to the many voices of this world but has been baptized into Christ to

be God’s own child. Amen.

Updated: 17 hours ago

[Mark 1:29-39] Immediately [Jesus] left the synagogue and entered the

house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. 30 Now Simon’s

mother-in-law lay ill with a fever, and immediately they told him about

her. 31 And he came and took her by the hand and lifted her up, and the

fever left her, and she began to serve them.

32 That evening at sundown they brought to him all who were sick or

oppressed by demons. 33 And the whole city was gathered together at

the door. 34 And he healed many who were sick with various diseases,

and cast out many demons…

A Terribly Good Place

There’s a noise coming from under your hood – a shaking in the

steering wheel – and a squealing in your car’s brakes.

You made a mistake, and now your taxes are a complicated mess.

You have a troubling pain in your body – and your google search is

finding a flood of bad-news diagnoses and uncertain solutions.

And your appliances are all breaking, and your kid has a fever.

What an overwhelming mess it is to you. But to your mechanic, your

doctor, a tax-preparer, and the appliance repair shop, this is all just

business as usual. It’s what they do.

There are a lot of terrible, good places in our world. The mechanic’s

shop is filled with broken vehicles. The hospital is filled with sick people –

like an apartment building for only the ill. The lawyer’s office is full of people

with legal troubles. And the repairman works only on things broken. His

place is full.

Terrible, good places. These are places full of all the world’s problems

– yet equipped with the people, and means, by which these problems are

healed and fixed. The patient leaves healthier than when admitted. The

repairman easily handles your broken blender.

Imagine, however, if your doctor only rebuked all the patients for

being sick and provided no cure. Or just told them, “Get better!” Or if your

mechanic turned away all broken vehicles and only accepted those not in

need of repair.

Or, the opposite: Your doctor approves of your diseases and says,

“It’s okay – being sick is just as good as being healthy. Be happy with who

you are.” Or, your mechanic admires broken vehicles and doesn’t believe

they should be fixed.

In either case, what good would these places be? They would just be

terrible places – Reviling wrongs but offering no forgiveness and no cure –

Or affirming wrongs as right and therefore leaving you in the same

condition in which you came.

The church is not called to be this kind of terrible place, nor to be

merely a good place, but to be a terribly good place.

The house where Jesus Christ is on this evening in our Gospel

reading is a terribly good place. It is a house where a sick woman – the

Apostle Peter’s wife’s mother – laid ill with a fever, near death, but now, by

the hand of Jesus, is healthy and serving.

But, as evening settles in, and the sky and the room grow darker, the

house becomes all the more filled with terrible physical and spiritual

disease: “That evening at sundown they brought to him all who were

sick or oppressed by demons. And the whole city was gathered

together at the door…”

The whole town brought their overwhelming problems into the house

where Jesus is, so that they didn’t even fit inside but were overflowing out

the door.

Imagine what a terrible place that house was that night. Fever,

disease, and illness. The uncleanliness of the people. The noises of those

sounding out their pains. The yells and shrieks of those oppressed by

demons and unclean spirits, like the man in last week’s Gospel – now the

house is filled with them.

The house where Jesus is becomes a true doctor’s office and

mechanic’s shop. A terrible place, but a very good place. Terribly good. He

doesn’t send anyone away in the same condition in which they came.

He heals, He cures, He forgives, He delivers, He builds up, He

improves and repairs. To Jesus, this is business as usual – He has the

ability and will to do so.

Jesus does not leave us sinners the same as when we came. He is

forgiving, delivering, and shaping us unto something better according to His

will and commands.

Jesus stopped no one from coming in the door that night. He brings

them in – not as one who says our diseases of sin are okay, but as the true

Physician of our souls who both forgives us and is repairing us. It was a

truly good place for those terribly afflicted.

The church – which is the congregation – including this congregation,

gathered in this house where Jesus is – is called to be a terribly good place

similar to that house where Jesus stood in today’s Gospel.

The world knows how to revile and how to affirm. The world might

reject and judge a person it deems guilty (of real or imagined wrongs). Or

the world might affirm your diseases of sin and morally wrong decisions as

good and valid in your life.

The church is called to do better. Not to only revile. Not to affirm. The

church is a place where God’s Word diagnosis what is broken in us and

gives Jesus, the cure.

On the cross, Jesus made Himself the cure for us to gather to. He

said of Himself, “When I am lifted up from the earth – lifted up on a cross

– I will draw all people to myself” [John 12:32-33].

Jesus won the victory over your sin and flesh there on the cross. Now

He draws you to Himself here in His house. The risen, living Jesus is

present with the healing and cure of His cross.

In your baptism, you were washed and gathered to Jesus be His

forever. Around His words and teaching you are gathered. Around the

Supper of His true body and blood, you are gathered. “Where two or three

are gathered in My name, there am I among them” [Matthew 18:20].

Through His Word and His Sacraments (Baptism and the Lord’s

Supper) – which we call the “Means of Grace” – Jesus is present in a way

that we can gather around Him, making this house the house where Jesus

is today.

God’s forgiveness of your sins through the death of Jesus in your

place is complete, full, once and for all [Hebrews 7:27], and is applied in

full every time. That’s the cure.

Becoming better – becoming better men and women of God – is bit

by bit, piece by piece, year by year, and is completed in full in the

resurrection when Jesus returns.

We don’t depart on Sunday already perfected, but we don’t depart

this house unchanged either.

John Newton, who wrote the hymn, “Amazing Grace”, said, “I am not

what I ought to be, I am not what I want to be, I am not what I hope to be in

another world; but still I am not what I once used to be, and by the grace of

God I am what I am.”

Be in the terribly good place where great sinners in need of a great

Savior gather around Jesus to become men and women better than we

once used to be – by God’s grace – and, in that life to come, finally what

we ought to be. Amen.

Pastor and preacher at Trinity Lutheran Church

Pastor Curtis Stephens was born in Flint, MI. He completed his M.Div. at Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, IN and has served congregations in Ohio and Pennsylvania. Pastor Stephens began serving at Trinity in July of 2023. 

rinity Lutheran Church

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